Academic Writing Basics: What Are The Different Parts Of A Research Paper?

Composing a research paper is a common high school and college academic task. This task isn’t an easy one and many students make mistakes when they face it for the first time. An important aspect of a good paper is its solid and logical structure. If you don’t know what components your term paper should consist of, read the instructions given in this article.

  1. The introduction.
  2. You should present the topic of your study and attract the reader to the paper. Start with giving the background information about the subject of your work and write why you decided to choose it. Show how your paper will contribute to the literature in this field. Clearly formulate the main question that you’re going to answer or statement that you’re going to support. At the end, give an overview of the following sections.

  3. The literature review.
  4. You should introduce the key thinkers in your area of research and write briefly about their main works. This section will help the reader better understand the origins of your topic.

  5. The methods.
  6. This chapter of a paper should describe the methodology that you used to achieve your results. Explain the reasons to select these particular methods and give the detailed descriptions of all your actions. This is needed so that your readers can duplicate your investigation.

  7. The results and discussion.
  8. You should present the exact findings of your investigation. Give the raw figures first. Then, you should start discussing the results of your work. Interpret your findings so that all the readers can understand their significance. Write whether the results met your expectations.

  9. The conclusion.
  10. Restate all the points given earlier and explain how they tie up with each other. Indicate the importance of your study. You should then introduce a few directions in which other students may continue your research.

  11. The bibliography.
  12. This is a section where you make a list of all sources that you used during your work. Make sure to format it according to the requirements stated in the assignment guidelines.

  13. The appendices.
  14. Include all the additional materials that you couldn’t place in the body of your paper, like large graphs, tables, and so on.

Make sure to regularly consult your instructor during the writing process. This will prevent you from making many mistakes and direct your work into a wrong way. You may also get assistance from academic centers. Some of them will even provide you with their services for free.